Category Archives: Articles and Research

Nottoway River Survey, Part-II

The Nottoway River Survey announces the publication of Nottoway River Survey, Part-II, Cactus Hill and Other Excavated Sites.  The focus of the book is pre-Clovis, Paleoindian, and Archaic period research in a 400-square-mile area of southeastern Virginia in the mid-Atlantic region of eastern North America.

While the work contains a general summary of over 30 years of research on more than 80 Native American sites within the Nottoway River drainage, the specific emphasis is upon new data including radiocarbon dates and other multidisciplinary findings from the NRS excavations in the pre-Clovis and Clovis cultural levels on the well known Cactus Hill archaeological site.

Nine years in writing, this very attractive book printed in the US by Dietz Press as a limited edition contains 715 8-1/2″ x 11″ pages in glossy paper with a wear resistant soft cover and sewn binding construction suitable for use in classroom, office, and laboratory environments.  There are 12 chapters consisting of an introduction, a summary, a NRS pre-Clovis and Paleoindian 22-year-research-update chapter covering the period since the publication of Part-I, and nine separate site excavation chapters centering around the 210-page (Chapter 5) Cactus Hill site final report. 

The book contains 105 data tables and 310 black and white figures with over 590 individual photographs, drawings, and graphs of archaeological excavations, artifacts, artifact sequences, in situ excavation features, excavation layouts, cultural material and scientific sample depth relationships, and general site area and river scenes.  This work represents one of the first attempts to evaluate the various early point traditions based upon the use of specific site-water-related environments or microenvironments, site topography, and band range or territory size. 

The book is recommended for those involved in research, teaching, or CRM work in the East.  It will also be of significant value to anyone interested specifically in North American pre-Clovis and Paleoindian topics.

The cost is $79.50 per copy plus a shipping and handling cost of $8.00 per book; we ship by USPS (book rate) in sturdy cardboard containers, and we ship only within the US.  Included with each Part-II book ordered will be a complimentary copy of Nottoway River Survey, Part-I, Clovis Settlement Patterns, the popular 171-page work that was published in 1992, which normally sells for $22.00.  The total shipment weight per book order is 6.5 pounds.

For shipment within the US, please send check or money order totaling $87.50 per book (Virginia residents please add  5.3% sales tax on $79.50) to:

Nottoway River Publications
5861 White Oak Road
Sandston, Virginia  23150


Click on the image to read the complete published article.

Three prehistoric site areas on the Oregon coast have yielded Chinese porcelains. Two are located on the south side of the sand spit at Nehalem Bay (35-TI-4; 35-TI-4b), and the third site is located within the sand spit at Netarts (35-TI-1).

While Spanish galleons are often suggested as the sole source of these materials, the archaeological and historical evidence suggests otherwise. In all, the remains of at least two and probably four ships have been reported. The timber from one ship and a ship’s pulley have been radiocarbon dated, and much of the porcelain has been analyzed. Dates for the prehistoric sites, the ships’ wood, and the porcelains are comparable. Stylistically, however, the two porcelain assemblages represent separate origins.

Pre-Clovis in the Americas: International Science Conference Proceedings

Pre-Clovis in the Americas: International Science Conference Proceedings
Click on the image to purchase this book online

Curious about Paleoamerican sites? Do really old archaeological sites in the Americas hold your interest? What kinds of tools did the earliest people in North and South America use, what environments did they select for living, what foods were important to them? Within these pages, world famous archaeologists and other ancient site specialists report the results of their investigations into some of the oldest and most important archaeological sites and specimens in the New World. For many decades, Clovis was assumed to be the first culture in the Americas. Now, however, sites predating Clovis by literally tens of thousands of years have been recognized. These well documented sites provide far more than the mere validation that sites older than Clovis exist. Importantly, some pre-Clovis site elements, tools, materials, and technologies seem similar to each other, despite appearing in many different geographic regions. Thus, one important task archaeologists now face is to determine what similarities or differences are reflected in these sites and assemblages, and what this can tell us about the people who made them. Additionally, a vast array of occupation environments has now been identified, and the significance of these distinct ecosystems must also be considered. Are these different ecologies suggestive of differing economies and cultural preferences? Are separate and distinct population groups indicated? While the focus of this volume is upon sites and material culture, several additional issues are addressed. Discussions include both the positive and problematic aspects of genetics, and the recognition and analysis of ancient technologies. One question to be addressed is whether the human groups and their tool types descended from a common but distant ancestor? Two other topics discussed briefly are the changes in index species over time and the evidence of dietary change with the extinction of some species of megafauna. Do changes in index species represent more than extinction or survival patterns? Is disease indicated by the elimination of some megafauna but the survival of others? All of these topics, and more, were discussed at a meeting hosted by the Smithsonian Institution.

The Archaeoclimatology Atlas of Oregon: The Modeled Distribution in Space and Time of Past Climates

The Archaeoclimatology Atlas of Oregon: The Modeled Distribution in Space and Time of Past Climates
Click on the image to purchase this book online

Research on the effects of climate change on people and the environment has its roots in decades of study by archaeologists and meteorologists. The Archaeoclimatology Atlas of Oregon provides an in-depth look at the modeled climatic and environmental history of the region over the past 14,000 years and analyzes the relationship between climatic variables and people in the past.

The Macrophysical Climate Model (MCM) used for the atlas presents an innovative means of modeling past climate that has been rigorously tested and verified against field evidence worldwide. Broad-scale reconstructions of specific times in the past provide detailed site-specific graphs of precipitation, temperature, evaporation, and snowfall for more than 75 locations in Oregon.
Applications of the model and its implications for human populations in Oregon are explored for each region of the state, demonstrating the variability of human-climate interactions.

Alternative Uses for Early Bifaces?

Click on the image to read the complete published article.

In a recent issue of CAHO, a request for information was posted. It stated that a number of Haskett and

similar point types had been recovered from water environments, and that the condition of all of the bifaces was

excellent. People were asked to report any of these early types, when the provenienced location was one that was submerged.

Research topics are endless!

The following articles and research papers are provided for your use.  More will be added soon. Please share with others and cite the appropriate sources.

What fun to compare the data from one site with that from another.

Photo provided by Mark Fitzsimmons

Colleagues from around the world share data with us, and we are happy to reciprocate. Researchers of note include Andrei Tabarev, Tom Gilbert, Eske Willserslev, Steve Jett, Betty Meggers, Priscilla Wegars, and others whose work will be included in this website.  Please look them up online in the interim!


Image on left courtesy of Dr. Reid Bryson and CCR.  Was the Land Bridge a viable route for the earliest peopling of the Americas? Not according to experts such as Dr. Betty Meggers and Dr. Reid Bryson.

Article:  Read about the relationship between archaeology and old or ancient climate data for the Salem, Oregon area: 

web3PaleoXSalem  All of the information was ground truthed”, through excavations and laboratory analysis.

This article was originally published in Screenings, a publication of the Oregon Archaeological Society.